Anticholinergic

This pharmacological group includes such anticholinergics as n-anticholinergics (muscle relaxants). Below is a list of n-anticholinergics (muscle relaxants): Pipecuronium bromide Atracuria besilat Suxamethonii iodidum (Suxamethonii iodidum) Rocuronium bromide Suxamethonium chloride Mivacuria chloride Tolperisone Cisatracuria besilat Tercuronium (Tercuronium) Tubocurarine chloride

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Nicotine-sensitive cholinergic receptors (n-cholinergic receptors) are mainly localized on the postsynaptic membranes in the synapses of skeletal muscles, autonomic nerve nodes (ganglia), adrenal medulla and carotid sinus zones (evolutionarily both of the latter formations are ganglia), some interneuronal contacts. n-anticholinergics have the ability to screen receptors and prevent their excitation by acetylcholine. Thus, the transmission…

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This pharmacological group includes such anticholinergics as m-anticholinergics in combinations. Below is a list of m-anticholinergics in combinations: Belladonna leaf extract + Tribromphenolate bismuth and Bismuth oxide complex + Zinc sulfate (Extractum foliorum Belladonnae + Bismuthi tribromphenolas cum Bismuthi oxydo complexus (Xeroformium) + Zinci sulfas) Belladonna leaf extract + Sodium bicarbonate (Extractum foliorum Belladonnae +…

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M-anticholinergics include substances that block m-cholinergic receptors in the region of the endings of parasympathetic nerve fibers, resulting in dilated pupils, accommodation paralysis, tachycardia, improved AV conduction, decreased tone of the bronchi, bladder, weakening of intestinal motility, decreased secretion of glands (bronchial and digestive). Some alkaloids (atropine, scopolamine), a number of semi-synthetic and synthetic compounds…

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Cholinolytic (anticholinergic) drugs include drugs that prevent the interaction of acetylcholine with cholinergic receptors. There are two main types of cholinergic receptors: muscarinic (m-type) and nicotine-sensitive (n-type). Accordingly, drugs with a predominant m- or n-anticholinergic action are isolated. Some anticholinergics easily penetrate the BBB and bind central cholinergic receptors (benactisin, aprofen, trihexyphenidil, etc.). These drugs…

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