Hormones and their antagonists

This pharmacological group includes hormones and their antagonists such as estrogens, gestagens; their homologues and antagonists in combinations. Below is a list of estrogens, gestagens; their homologues and antagonists in combinations: Drospirenone + Estradiol Levonorgestrel + Ethinylestradiol Gestodene + Ethinylestradiol Ethinylestradiol + Chlormadinone Dienogest + Ethinylestradiol Drospirenone + Ethinylestradiol Prasterone + Estradiol Ethinylestradiol + Etinodiol…

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Natural follicular hormones are ovarian-derived estradiol, estrone and estriol. These hormones are called estrogens due to the fact that they cause estrus in castrated female animals (estrus). Together with the corpus luteum hormone, follicular hormones are involved in the regulation of the menstrual cycle and the function of childbirth. During pregnancy, the production of follicular…

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The main endogenous mineralocorticoids are aldosterone and deoxycorticosterone. These hormones actively affect the exchange of electrolytes and water, and relatively little – on carbohydrate and protein metabolism. Earlier in clinical practice, deoxycortone preparations – deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOXA) and deoxycorticosterone trimethyl acetate – were widely used. They were used for adrenal dysfunction (hypocorticism), especially in Addison’s…

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This pharmacological group includes corticosteroids such as glucocorticosteroids in combinations. Below is a list of glucocorticosteroids in combinations: Betamethasone + Gentamicin Betamethasone + Gentamicin + Clotrimazole Betamethasone + Salicylic acid Betamethasone + Interferon alpha-2b Betamethasone + Chlorhexidine Betamethasone + Gentamicin + Miconazole Hydrocortisone + Lidocaine Hydrocortisone + Oxytetracycline Betamethasone + Calcipotriol Gentamicin + Dexamethasone Dexamethasone…

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Glucocorticoids are steroid hormones synthesized by the adrenal cortex. Natural glucocorticoids and their synthetic analogues are used in medicine for adrenal insufficiency. In addition, in some diseases, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive, antiallergic, anti-shock and other properties of these drugs are used. The beginning of the use of glucocorticoids as medicines (drugs) dates back to the 40s. XX…

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The adrenal cortex of mammals and humans produces many steroid hormones called corticosteroids. They are derivatives of pregnane and are chemically divided into 11-deoxyteroids, 11-oxysteroids and 11,17-oxysteroids. The first group includes deoxycorticosterone. The 11,17-oxysteroid group includes cortisone, cortisol (hydrocortisone) and a number of their derivatives. Cortisone, hydrocortisone, deoxycorticosterone are endogenous substances produced in the body.…

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Insulin (from lat. insula – island) – a hormone of a peptide nature, is formed in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. It has a multifaceted effect on metabolism in almost all tissues. The main action of insulin is to lower the concentration of glucose in the blood. Insulin increases…

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This pharmacological group includes hormones and their antagonists, such as thyroid hormones, their analogs and antagonists in combinations. Below is a list of thyroid hormones, their analogues and antagonists in combinations: Levothyroxine sodium + Potassium iodide Levothyroxine sodium + Liothyronine Levothyroxine sodium + Liothyronine + Potassium iodide

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The thyroid gland produces the hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Both hormones have a similar multifaceted effect on the body, increase tissue oxygen demand, enhance energy processes, stimulate tissue growth and differentiation, affect the functional state of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, liver, kidneys and other organs, enhance glucose absorption and utilization. The effect of thyroid…

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